Calculation Archives - PC Product key

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Calculation Archives - PC Product key

Rapid access and maintenance of large files with fixed-length records. FOR $150 OEALER/OEM PRICES AVAILABLE Expanded version of our FABS products. It can keep track of up to 32,000 key words and 32.000 documents using "and" “or” with the ease of an adding machine or print calculator on your IBM PC. Okay, so let's first go through the scenarios in which you would or would not need a product key to reinstall and reactivate certain Microsoft.

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How to find Activation Key or Serial Key for Any Software

How to generate and validate a software license key?

I'm one of the developers behind the Cryptolens software licensing platform and have been working on licensing systems since the age of 14. In this answer, I have included some tips based on experience acquired over the years.

The best way of solving this is by setting up a license key server that each instance of the application will call in order to verify a license key.

Benefits of a Calculation Archives - PC Product key key server

The advantages with a license key server is that:

  1. you can always update or block a license key with immediate effect.
  2. each license key can be locked to certain number of machines (this helps to prevent users from publishing the license key online for others to use).

Considerations

Although verifying licenses online gives you more control over each instance of the application, internet connection is not always present (especially if you target larger enterprises), so we need another way of performing the license key verification.

The solution is to always sign the license key response from the server using a public-key cryptosystem such as RSA or ECC (possibly better if you plan to run on embedded systems). Your application should only have the public key to verify the license key response.

So in case there's no internet connection, you can use the previous license key response instead. Make sure to store both the date and the machine identifier in the response and Calculation Archives - PC Product key that it's not too old (eg. you allow users to be offline at most 30 days, etc) and that the license key response belongs to the correct device.

Note you should always check the certificate of license key response, even if you are connected to the internet), in order to ensure that it has not been changed since it left the server (this still has to be done even if your API to the license key server uses https)

Protecting secret algorithms

Most .NET applications can be reverse engineered quite easily (there is both a diassembler provided by Microsoft to get the IL code and some commercial products can even retrieve the source code in eg. C#). Of course, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, you can always obfuscate the code, but it's never 100% secure.

I most cases, the purpose of any software licensing solution is to help honest people being honest (i.e. that honest users who are willing to pay don't forget to pay after a trial expires, etc).

However, you may still have some code that you by no means want to leak out to the public (eg. an algorithm to predict stock prices, etc). In this case, the only way to go is to create an API endpoint that your application will call each time the method should be executed. It requires internet connection but it ensures that your secret code is never executed by the client machine.

Implementation

If you Calculation Archives - PC Product key want to implement everything yourself, I would recommend to take a look at this tutorial (part of Cryptolens)

answered Aug 25 '18 at 16:50

ArtemArtem

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If you're having trouble finding your Windows 10 product key, we've got you covered.

In this quick tutorial we'll go over what a Windows product key is, and I'll share several ways to find the product key on modern Windows machines.

What's a Windows 10 product key?

A Windows product key or license is a 25 digit code used to activate your installation of Windows.

Back in the day, all you had to do to find your Windows product key was look for a sticker somewhere on the machine.

Usually you could find the sticker on the side of a desktop PC, or stuck to the bottom of a laptop:

Picture of a Windows 7 product key sticker

Or if you bought a physical copy of Windows, your product key would be included somewhere in the box:

These days, if you buy a Windows 10 Home or Pro from the Microsoft Store or another online retailer like Amazon, it'll include a digital copy of your product key.

But if your computer is relatively new and came with Windows preinstalled, you might be wondering how to find your key – there's likely no sticker on the machine, and the computer manufacturer probably didn't include one in the box.

Whether you installed and activated Windows yourself, or it came preinstalled, your product key is stored in the BIOS. This makes it really easy if you ever want to reinstall or upgrade Windows – there's no sticker on the machine that could get damaged, and no small label to lose.

Still, there are times when you might need your product key, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, like if you want to transfer a Windows Home or Pro license to another machine.

Whatever the reason, here are a few ways to get your Windows 10 product key.

How to get your Windows Calculation Archives - PC Product key product key with the Command Prompt

If you want to get your product key from Windows, the easiest way is to do that is through the Calculation Archives - PC Product key Command Prompt.

First, press the Windows key, search for "cmd", and click on "Run as administrator":

Screenshot of opening the command prompt as an administrator

Then, run the following command:

After that, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, Calculation Archives - PC Product key see your Windows 10 product key:

Output of the wmic command listed above

Alternatively, you can run this command in the Command Prompt terminal:

Output of the powershell command listed above

Both of these commands attempt to read your Windows product key from something called the OA3 BIOS marker. In other words, they may only work if Windows came preinstalled, and not if you built the machine yourself and installed/activated Windows.

If your product key isn't saved to your BIOS/UEFI for some reason, then these commands will either throw an error or return an empty string. In this case, or if you prefer a GUI, give the next method a try.

How to get your Windows 10 product key with a third-party program

There are a few tools out there like Belarc Advisor or Magical Jelly Bean KeyFinder that can detect your Windows product key.

We'll use Magical Jelly Bean KeyFinder for this tutorial because, well – come on, that name, right?

All you have to do is download and install Magical Jelly Bean KeyFinder. Then open the KeyFinder program to see your product key:

Screenshot of the Windows product key in Magical Jellybean KeyFinder

Once you've copied your product key somewhere safe, feel free to uninstall Magical Jelly Bean KeyFinder.

So those are some quick ways to find your Windows 10 product key.

Did any of these methods or programs work for you? Did you find another way to get your product key? Let me know over on Twitter.



If you read this far, tweet to the author to show them you care. Tweet a thanks

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Product key

Specific software-based key for a computer program

Product key on a Proof of License Certificate of Authenticity for Windows VistaHome Premium

A product key, also known as a software key, is a specific software-based key for a computer program. It certifies that the copy of the program is original.

Product keys consist of a series of numbers and/or letters. This sequence is typically entered by the user during the installation of computer software, and is then passed to a verification function in the program. This function manipulates the key sequence according to a mathematical algorithm and attempts to match the results to a set of valid solutions.

Effectiveness

Standard key generation, where product keys are generated mathematically, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, is not completely effective in stopping copyright infringement of software, as these keys can be distributed. In addition, with improved communication from the rise of the Internet, more sophisticated attacks on keys such as cracks (removing the need for a key) and product key generators have become common.

Because of this, software publishers use additional product activation methods to verify that keys are both valid and uncompromised. One method assigns a product key based on a unique feature of the purchaser's computer hardware, which cannot be as easily duplicated since it depends on the user's hardware. Another method involves requiring one-time or periodical validation of the product key with an internet server (for games with an online component, this is done whenever the user signs in). The server can deactivate unmodified client software presenting invalid or compromised keys. Modified clients may bypass these checks,[1] but the server can still deny those clients information or communication.

Controversy

Some of the most effective product key protections are controversial due to inconvenience, strict enforcement, harsh penalties and, in some cases, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, false positives. Some product keys use uncompromising digital procedures to enforce the license agreement.

Inconvenience

Product keys are somewhat inconvenient for end users. Not only do they need to be entered whenever a program is installed, but the user must also be sure not to lose them. Loss of a product key usually means the software is useless once uninstalled, unless, prior to uninstallation, a key recovery application is used (although not all programs support this).[2]

Product keys also present new ways for distribution to go wrong. If a product is shipped with missing or invalid keys, then the product itself is useless. For example, all copies of Splinter Cell: Pandora Tomorrow originally shipped to Australia without product keys.[3]

Enforcement and penalties

There are many cases of permanent bans enforced by companies detecting usage violations. It is common for an online system to immediately blacklist an account caught running cracks or, in some cases, cheats. This results in a permanent ban. Players who wish to continue use of the software must repurchase it. This has inevitably led to criticism over the motivations of enforcing permanent bans.[citation needed]

Particularly controversial is the situation which arises when multiple products' keys are bound together. If products have dependencies on other products (as IObit Driver Booster Pro Crack 8.5.0.496 & License Key the case with expansion packs), it is common for companies to ban all bound products. For example, if a fake key is used with an expansion pack, the server may ban legitimate keys from the original game. Similarly, with Valve's Steam service, all products the user has purchased are bound into the one account. If this account is banned, the user will lose access to every product associated with the same account[4]

This "multi-ban" is highly controversial, since it bans users from products which they have legitimately purchased and used.[citation needed]

False positives

Bans are enforced by servers immediately upon detection of cracks or cheats, usually without human intervention. Sometimes, legitimate users are wrongly deemed in violation of the license, and banned. In large cases of Calculation Archives - PC Product key positives, they are sometimes corrected (as happened in World of Warcraft.[5]) However, individual cases may not be given any attention.[citation needed]

A common cause of false positives (as with the World of Warcraft case above) is users of unsupported platforms. For example, users of Linux can run Windows applications through compatibility layers such as Wine and Cedega. This software combination sometimes triggers the game's server anti-cheating software, resulting in a ban due to Wine or Cedega being a Windows API compatibility layer for Linux, so it is considered third-party (cheating) software by the game's server.[6][citation needed]

See also

References

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Microsoft Office 2019 Activation Key + Crack ISO Free Download

Microsoft Office 2019 Activation Key + Crack ISO Free Download

Microsoft Office 2019 Activation Key Calculation Archives - PC Product key a cross-platform that is comprehensive for everyone with smart tools for specific users, teams, and businesses. It can open your apps, documents anywhere on numerous products. It offers brand Calculation Archives - PC Product key compliance and deployment protection, giving companies more significant control of sensitive data and greater flexibility in deployment and management. Microsoft has expanded offices for iPad and Android pills. Updated Office features on Mac, iPhone, plus the web.

Additionally, brand new applications have been added to your family, a swipe and office lens. All things are made to keep work everywhere. We have concentrated on customizing Office for different platforms in the last 12 months. Office on the Windows desktop is Central to our strategy when you’ve seen just how.

Microsoft Office 2019 Crack is the latest version. It is the most demanded software ever. Everyone uses MS Office for their projects. Simply put, now you can’t do anything without Microsoft Office 2019 Crack. Calculation Archives - PC Product key one of the many difficulties that primary users can’t activate this version quickly. For sure, the user needs the Microsoft Office 2019 activation key for the activation of the software. So then you will solve your problem on this important platform if you’re certainly one of them. Right here, you’ll find working and activation that is valid for lifetime activation.

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Microsoft Office 2019 Crack is utterly appropriate for its wide range – from students to office staff and personnel, along with business professionals. Due to the different enhancements, the essential functions, and the development of new people, document creation, processing, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, and handling are now doable and faster than previously. In Calculation Archives - PC Product key, mathematical calculations and expressions are improved and generally are far more easily incorporated into practical use within PowerPoint 2016, Excel 2016, and Word 2016.

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Also, several individuals will concurrently work on the paper or an Excel spreadsheet or PowerPoint. This functionality was updated by Microsoft and is gradually being marketed now. Not everybody will be compelled to go to the cloud, but there’s a lot of push with subscription providers. And Adobe Dreamweaver 2021 Build 21.2 CC Crack Free Download {Latest} thing to do is, even now, the Office 365 Crack has such a feature as more, for example, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, or PowerPoint concept concepts, which are not routinely available for the Office 2016 Crack. It is a database adapted so that certain features bring users into the cloud. Office 2019 presents lots of new features and some of the coolest I’ll introduce. Many of them are not exactly new functions. But they were exclusive to office 365, so you can now get access to them if you do not want to pay the monthly fee.

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  6. Click the button to the left of the Windows icon and go to the Service tab.
  7. Activate” Microsoft Office 2019.
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How to get Windows Product Key from DigitalProductId exported out of registry

There are plenty of tools to get Windows Procduct Key Number from the running (online) system, but what if this is not our case and we need to get Windows Product Key Number from the system that won't boot up or we are just not able to run key decoder there? Well it is possible to decode key from such a system as long as we are able to access offline registry database files from that system and as long as that registry database files are not corrupted.

Decoding the Windows Product Key Number

The process of getting Windows Product Key Number consist of two steps, first Calculation Archives - PC Product key obtaining DigitalProductId from the registry, the second is decoding that DigitalProductId as Windows Product Key Number. We can get DigitalProductId value from the registry programmatically (as key decoders usually do) or we can find and export the value using Regedit.exetool, which is part of every Windows instalation.

Please do not confuse DigitalProductId with Product ID, which can be found in the System dialog. They are not the same. Windows 10 has ProductId in this format: 00330-00000-00000-00000, Calculation Archives - PC Product key.

Loading registry hive from offline registry

Regedit.exe can load and edit offline registry databases. Registry databases are located in the following location:
%windir%/System32/config/
We need to access HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ registry hive that is located in the following path:
%windir%/System32/config/SOFTWARE
Please note that "SOFTWARE" is the name of the registry database file, %windir% points to the system Windows directory, for example "C:\Windows". To load offline registry database, do the following steps:
  1. Press the Win+R key combination, Run dialog appears.
  2. Type in "regedit" (without quotes) and press Enter.
  3. Confirm UAC prompt to elevate user rights (regedit needs administrator rights to run).
  4. Regedit tool will appear on the screen.
  5. Select HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE key as this will be the place where we will load the offline hive.
  6. Click on File menu and Load Hive. option. If you have this option greyed out, please make sure you have selected (active) HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE key.
  7. Locate and open the offline registry database SOFTWARE file.
  8. When prompted for a name give it a name you like (e.g. TEST). The name will be used to create a new node in the tree so we can browse the offline registry.

Exporting DigitalProductId from the registry

We can find DigitalProductId in the following registry key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion
As we have loaded the offline registry as the "TEST" node, we can actually find DigitalProductId in the following location:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\TEST\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion
Now to export this key, do following steps:
  1. Navigate to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\TEST\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion key (you can copy and paste the key name in the key bar under the menu.
  2. On the right pane you will see registry values for the selected key and you should see the DigitalProductId value as REG_BINARY.
  3. To export the value, we need to export whole key. Right click on the CurrentVersion key in the left pane and select Export in the context menu that will appear.
  4. Export Registry File dialog will appear, choose exported file name and location as needed. Keep "Save as type: Registration files (*.reg)" option and check that "Export range: Selected branch" is selected. You should see selected branch HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion under this option.
  5. Click Save.
  6. Registry key will be exported in the .reg file. Now we can open this file in any text editor, for example in Notepad.

Opening exported .reg file in the notepad

To open exported .reg file in the notepad, do follwing steps:
  1. Press the Win+R key combination, Run dialog appears.
  2. Type in "notepad" (without quotes) and press Enter.
  3. Notepad will appear.
  4. Now you can simply drag and drop exported file on the Notepad window, or you can use File - Open. (Ctrl+O) menu to browse the file. If you can't see exported .reg file, select "All files" from the file type selection drop down.

Locating DigitalProductId exported from registry

Now when you have open exported .reg file in the Notepad, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, you should see DigitalProductId value among other key values in the following format:
"DigitalProductId"=hex:a4,00,00,00,03,00,00,00,30,30,33,33,30,2d,38,30,30,30,\ 30,2d,30,30,30,30,30,2d,41,41,33,32,38,00,ec,0c,00,00,5b,54,48,5d,58,31,39,\ 2d,39,38,38,34,31,00,00,00,ec,0c,00,00,00,00,a8,d2,7b,6e,89,81,4f,6d,09,00,\ Calculation Archives - PC Product key 00,00,00,00,f0,87,99,58,20,9a,d7,4d,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,\ 00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,\ 00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,\ 00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,ff,a1,85,e6
Selected DigitalProductId section and copy it to the clipboard (Ctrl+C).

Decoding DigitalProductId exported from registry

To decode the value, you can use my tool "Windows Product Key Finder" (you can read more about it here: (Yet Another) Product Key Number Finder for Windows). Since version 1.3 this tool is able to decode DigitalProductId exported from registry. You can download the tool directly here: WinProdKeyFind_v1.3.zip. Windows Product Key Finder is open source, no-install, portable and very simple tool that look like this: Windows Product Key Finder 1.3Click Decode DigitalProductIdbutton. Decode Windowss Product Key from DigitalProductId value dialog will appear. Paste DigitalProductId from the clipboard to the DigitalProductId keytext box as in the following example: Windows Product Key Finder 1.3Please note that it is important to keep exported DigitalProductId in the format as shown in the examples. If you are decoding DigitalProductId for Windows 7 or older Windows systems (Vista and XP), please select Up to Windows 7 (old)option, otherwise keep Windows 8 and newer (new) option in the version selection drop down. Finally press the Parse DigitalProductIdbutton to parse the DigitalProductId. Now you should see decoded Windows Product Key Number in the text box.

Final words

We've seen how to export DigitalProductId value from the offline registry database file and how to decode Windows Product Key Number from that value. Let me know what you think about down below in the comments!
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OA 3.0 Tool: command-line and config file syntax

  • 5 minutes to read

The OA 3.0 tool is a command-line tool that supports assembling, reporting, and returning a unique identifier for the computers on the factory floor. You can run the OA 3.0 tool in two ways:

  • By using audit mode on the fully assembled client computer. For more information about running the OA 3.0 tool in audit mode, see Audit Mode Overview in the Windows ADK.

  • By using OOBE mode on the fully assembled client computer. When the first prompt appears in the OOBE, press Shift + F10 to open an admin command prompt and run the OA3.0 tool, and then shutdown the machine. The end user OOBE experience must be consistent with running the OA tool in Audit Mode and not deviate from the standard.

OptionDescription
/AssembleRetrieves a product key that has a state of Consumed from the factory floor database, and then assembles the OA3.bin file and the OA3.xml file for a specific computer. After assembly, the OEM-supplied firmware injection tool can inject the OA3.bin file into the firmware of the computer.

Example:

/Report Creates the hardware hash value for a specific computer, associates the value with the product key ID, and then sends the OA3.xml file to the reporting server on the factory floor. This command-line option is generally used on the factory floor after the product key is injected into the new computer.ImportantWhen you use the /report command line option together with an internal wireless network adapter, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, you must run the full operating system. You cannot use Windows PE. In addition, if you run the /report option without a server connection, the resulting report is saved to the same location as the OA3.xml file that your configuration file specifies. The report file will be sent to the reporting server on the factory floor the next time that you run the /report option when the computer is connected. Example: If the machine has no product key in firmware, you can run /report /NoKeyCheck to generate a Hardware Hash for the offline validation. But CBR submission will fail if missing a product key in firmware. Example:
/Return Returns an existing product key for reconciliation. For example, you may use this option if you replace a previously injected hardware association with a new association for the same computer. This command-line option is generally used after the Computer Build Report is generated. It is not supported in MDOS.

Example:

/LogTrace=<OA3_log_file>Logs OA 3.0 hardware hash generation diagnostic tracing data into a file specified in <OA3_log_file>. The path must be valid for OA3Tool.exe to write to. We highly recommend partners use this switch when testing OA 3.0 CBR reporting and hardware hash tolerance.

Example:

/CheckEditionPerforms a cross check between the injected Calculation Archives - PC Product key key and the target operating system for edition match. Two modes are possible:
  1. Offline checking in Windows PE. You must use /ImageDrive=<image_drive_letter> to specify the drive letter where the image is applied, Calculation Archives - PC Product key. Before you use this switch in Windows PE, ensure that the latest version of DISM.exe and all the files from the entire DISM folder (approximately 7 to 9 MB) from the latest Windows ADK must be copied to the same folder where the Windows 10 OA3Tool.exe resides.
  2. Online checking in the full operating system. In this case the /online mode should be specified. No drive letter information is required. This switch is only available if the target operating system is Windows 10 client.
/Configfile=<configfile_location>Specifies the location and name of the configuration file, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, which contains the location of the key provider server; file path locations for log files, error codes, and messages; and the location of the temporary directories that are required to assemble the product key into binary and XML formats.
/DecodeHwHashUsed to decode the hardware hash into an xml human readable format. The /DecodeHwHash accepts either a string (e.g, Calculation Archives - PC Product key. if it is stored in a database or sent in email) or a file path to the full XML file generated at the /Report stage.

Example:

/ValidatePerforms a validation pass to ensure that the MSDM table exists, that the MSDM table header Calculation Archives - PC Product key all of the required fields, and that the MSDM table entries exist and conform to the correct formats.

Example:

/ValidateSMBIOSThe TotalPhysicalRAM and PrimaryDiskTypeCapacity values are obtained from the SMBIOS structures of the device. It is the responsibility of the OEMs to properly initialize these structures. To validate that these structures are properly initialized, OA3Tool RS3 or above version has a new option /ValidateSMBIOS which iterates over the SMBIOS tables and ensures that they are correctly initialized with respect to these two attributes. Two modes are possible:
  1. Online checking in the full operating system. You must use /ValidateSMBIOS without the parameter.
  2. Offline checking in the SMBIOS table. The contents of this table can be collected using the /Logtrace output file from the /report command. There is an attribute (SMBIOSRawData) which contains the SMBIOS table contents. This value then needs to be passed to the /ValidateSMBIOS option to validate that the contents are indeed correct.
Example:
  1. From trace.txt extract the SMBIOSRawData attribute value
/ValidateHwHashUsed to validate the base64-encoded hardware hash element with the predefined quality criteria for critical and important fields. Critical fields are necessary for Autopilot feature to work, while important fields are used for calculating royalty license fee. This function is only available in 18950 or above OA 3.0 tool version. The /ValidateHwHash option accepts either a string (if it is stored in a database or sent in email, for example) or a file path to the full XML file generated at the /Report stage. Example: The critical fields are:
DiskSerialNumber
TpmVersion
EkPubHash
MacAddress
ProductKeyId
SmbiosSystemFamily
SmbiosSystemManufacturer
SmbiosSystemProductName
SmbiosSystemSerialNumber
SmbiosUuid
The important fields are:
ChassisTypes
DigitizerSupportID
DiskType
DisplayResolution
DisplaySize
InternalDiskCount
OsBuild
OsCpuArchitecture
OSType
ProcessorCores
ProcessorModel
TotalDiskCapacity
TotalPhysicalRAM

Note

The /ValidateHwash option checks for any errors, blanks, or null values in any of the fields of the decoded Hardware Hash. Additional fields to check are in the following table.

FieldOutput
OS TypeOutput should be “FullOS”. If the field is empty or represent “WinPE”, a full boot of the OS was not utilized when creating the Hardware Hash.
Total Physical RAMOutput should represent the RAM in the device. (i.e. 4, 8, 16, etc.). If the field is empty or “0”, 65535, RAM was not captured correctly.
Primary Disk Total CapacityOutput should represent the Primary Disc in the device. (i.e. 128, 256, 1024, etc.)
Display Resolution and Physical Display SizeOutput should represent the internal display resolution and physical size. If the field is “0”, the device must have an external monitor, for example, as with a desktop.
SMBIOS FieldsThe output should not contain no data, be blank, or contain a default string, like “To be filled by O.E.M”
MacAddressThe output should not represent no data, blank, 00:00:00:00:00:00 or FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF
ChassisTypesThe output should follow the rule in the SMBIOS Reference Specification .
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Microsoft Product Activation

DRM mechanism used by Microsoft

Microsoft Product Activation is a DRM technology used by Microsoft Corporation in several of its computersoftware programs, most notably its Windowsoperating system and its Officeproductivity suite. The procedure enforces compliance with the program's end-user license agreement by transmitting information about both the product key used to install the program and the user's computer hardware to Microsoft, inhibiting or completely preventing the use of the program until the validity of its license is confirmed.[1]

The procedure has been met with significant criticism by many consumers, technical analysts and computer experts, who argue that it is poorly designed, highly inconvenient and ultimately does nothing to prevent software piracy.[2] The process has been successfully circumvented on multiple occasions.[3]

Process[edit]

Before activation[edit]

When installing a retail copy of Windows or Office, the user is asked to input a unique product key supplied on a certificate of authenticity included with the program, which is later verified during activation.[1] Immediate activation is not required following installation, but the program must be activated within a specific period of time in order to continue to function properly. Throughout this grace period, the user will be periodically reminded to activate the program, with warnings becoming more frequent over time.[4]

Certain versions of Windows and Office are available under a volume license, where a single product key is used for multiple installations. Programs purchased under this license must still be activated, with the exception of Windows XP and all versions of Office released prior to Office 2010.[5][6][7][8] Businesses using this licensing system have the option of using Microsoft's activation servers or Calculation Archives - PC Product key and managing their own.[9]

If Windows is pre-installed on a computer by an original equipment manufacturer (OEM), the operating system is automatically activated without the need for interaction from the user.[10] In this case, the copy of Windows installed does not use the product key listed on the certificate of authenticity, but rather a master product key issued to OEMs called a System Locked Pre-installation (SLP) key. On Calculation Archives - PC Product key boot, Windows confirms the presence of specific information stored in the BIOS by the manufacturer, ensuring the activation only remains valid on that computer, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, even if the product key is used on another machine.[5]

After grace period[edit]

If activation is not performed within the grace period or fails because of an illegal or invalid product key, the following restrictions will be imposed on the user:

  • In Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Server 2003 R2, after a grace period of 30 days, the operating system cannot be used at all until the activation process is completed successfully.[11][12]
  • In Windows Vista RTM, after a grace period of 30 days, the operating system will boot only into a reduced functionality mode. Calculation Archives - PC Product key reduced functionality varies based on whether the operating system is simply out of grace or has undergone a failed activation. In the former case, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, built-in games and premium features like Windows Aero are disabled, and the system is rebooted every hour; in the latter case, certain premium features are disabled and some content is not available from Windows Update.[13][14]
  • In Windows Vista SP1, Windows Vista SP2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008 R2, after a grace period of 30 days (60 days for Windows Server 2008), the operating system will display the notice stating that the copy of Windows is not genuine Calculation Archives - PC Product key set the desktop background to black. This includes allowing only critical and security updates to be downloaded from Windows Update and giving periodic reminders to activate the operating system. However, the operating system otherwise functions normally.[4][13][15][16][17]
  • In Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 10, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2016, the 30-day grace period has been removed. If the operating system is not activated, there is a watermark showing the edition of Windows or a message telling the user to activate Windows on desktop. Personalization features such as changing the wallpaper are disabled. In Windows 8 and 8.1 notifications appear occasionally telling the user to activate. However, the operating system otherwise functions normally.[18]
  • In Office XP, Office 2003, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, Office 2007, Office 2010, and Office 2013, after a grace period of 30–60 days for Office 2010 and 14–60 days in Office 2013 or opening the program 25 times for Office 2007 and 50 times for Office 2003 and XP and 10 times for Visio 2002, the programs will enter a reduced functionality mode, where files can be viewed but not edited.[2][7][19][20][21]

When activation takes place, the program saves a record of the verification data in the user's computer. If the system is booted up with significant hardware changes, the application will likely require reactivation to prevent the same copy of the program being installed on two different systems.[22]

On Windows 10, the activation process can also generate a "digital entitlement", which allows the operating system's hardware and license status to be saved to the activation servers, so that the operating system's license can automatically be restored after a clean installation without the need to enter a product key.[23][24]

During activation[edit]

Activation is performed with a utility supplied with Windows and Office called the Activation Wizard. It can be performed either over the Internet or by telephone.[1] When activating over the Internet, the Activation Wizard automatically transmits and receives verification data to and from Microsoft servers, completing the process without any interaction by the user.[25] Activation by telephone requires that a user and a Microsoft agent verbally exchange activation information. In this case, an installation ID is generated, which is then read to the agent. The agent verifies the information and replies with a confirmation ID, which is then typed into the Activation Wizard.[25]

The Activation Wizard generates verification data primarily based on information about hardware in the computer. In Windows XP, information about the following ten categories of hardware is included:[5]

Every time a PC is booted, Windows XP checks the hardware configuration against that which existed at the time of installation. From the above list, six or more items must change for the reactivation to be required. The position is complicated in that the network card MAC address is regarded as three items. Therefore, if the network card is not changed, a change to six or more other items will trigger a reactivation. If the network card is changed, then just three other changes will trigger a reactivation.

PCs that are considered dockable are treated more leniently as hardware will, by definition, regularly change. A dockable PC is one that is equipped with a docking port that connects to an expansion unit that features extra ports or hardware (these are usually ancillary Calculation Archives - PC Product key custom designed for some laptop PCs). A dockable PC is allowed three extra changes beyond a non-dockable PC before Calculation Archives - PC Product key is required.

The verification data is also based on the product key entered during activation. In some cases, the product key is checked against a list of known illegally distributed keys.[26]

Certain retail copies of Windows and Office sold in certain countries classified as emerging markets have geographical activation restrictions, which only allow the user to activate the product within the indicated region.[27]

In Windows 7 and later, the significant hardware changes (eg Motherboard) may require a re-activation.

After activation[edit]

If activation completes successfully, the user can continue to use the application without any further issues or impediments. Also, if the key gets blacklisted, the application will continue to run as normal unless a clean install and activation is performed after its key has been blacklisted.

Usage[edit]

The following tables illustrate the usage of product activation throughout Microsoft software, specifying whether the programs can be equipped with retail or volume licensing activation as well as geographical activation restrictions.

Windows[edit]

Office[edit]

*All Office 2016 and Office 365 licenses are associated with an email account. A personal licence is re-activated on a new machine by logging in to office.com and selecting which of their machines to associate.[31]

Criticism[edit]

While Microsoft says that product activation benefits consumers by allowing Microsoft to produce higher quality software,[1] it has nevertheless received much criticism regarding its design and implementation, effectiveness at stopping piracy and respect of privacy rights. For instance, during the development of Windows XP, beta testers strongly criticized the introduction of product activation, particularly because a change in computer hardware required re-activation.[32] Ken Fischer at Ars Technica questioned whether activation would ultimately be effective in stopping piracy, stating that while casual computer users would be affected, he would "be a fool to think that someone out there won't find a way to break this whole thing."[33] Dave Wilson, a technology columnist at the Los Angeles Times, describes activation as "just another example of a rapacious monopolist abusing computer users who are helpless to do anything about it." He too believed that the system would not have "any significant effect on professional pirates."[34] Fred Langa at InformationWeek, with reference to the transmission of hardware information during activation, stated that "many users are incensed at this level of monitoring, intrusion, and control by Microsoft."[2] Finally, Dr. Cyrus Peikari and Seth Fogie, security consultants, considered product activation to be "hostile both to privacy and to human dignity."[35]

Others defend Microsoft's use of product activation. The Harrison Group, a market research firm, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, conducted a study sponsored by Microsoft in 2011 illustrating that computers running activated versions of Windows software were on average 50% faster than their pirated counterparts. The group concluded by stating that users of genuine Microsoft products ultimately Calculation Archives - PC Product key superior performance while counterfeit users are susceptible to security issues and lost productivity.[36] Fully Licensed GmbH, a developer of digital rights management technology, while criticizing Microsoft for being vague about the nature of information sent from a given computer during activation, nevertheless concluded that activation is not particularly intrusive and does not significantly violate privacy.[37]

Microsoft Product Activation has also been criticized on multiple occasions for violating patent law. In 2006, Microsoft was required to pay $142 million to z4 Technologies for infringing on a product activation patent,[38] while in 2009 Microsoft was ordered to pay $388 million to Uniloc for patent infringement in product activation in Calculation Archives - PC Product key XP, Office XP and Windows Server 2003.[39]

Circumvention[edit]

Microsoft Product Activation has been cracked or Calculation Archives - PC Product key on numerous occasions since it was introduced in 2001. In 2001, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, a UK security company called Bit Arts successfully managed to bypass product activation on Windows XP,[40] while in 2003, volume license keys for Windows XP were leaked to the public, allowing users who had not purchased a volume license to the operating system to bypass activation.[41] In 2009, several security flaws in Windows 7 were used by hackers to circumvent activation.[3][42]

Since the introduction of Windows Vista, most attempts at circumvention of product activation have focused on using leaked SLP product keys and BIOS information used by OEMs to preactivate Windows. In 2007, a circumvention measure was developed for Windows Vista by warez-group Paradox that simulates the BIOS, allowing leaked SLP information to be fed to the operating system, bypassing activation.[43] In 2009, SLP product keys and certificate information for Windows 7 were leaked to the public, allowing the BIOS to be reconfigured to bypass activation.[44]

List of Microsoft products with product activation[edit]

The following Microsoft products other than Windows, Windows Server or products from the Office family use activation:[45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abcdMicrosoft Corporation. "Microsoft Product Activation." Protect Yourself From Piracy. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  2. ^ abcLanga, Fred. "Is Windows XP's 'Product Activation' A Privacy Risk?." InformationWeek. (accessed November 26, 2011)
  3. ^ abRagan, Steve (2009-11-17). "Windows 7 activation crack comes as no surprise". The Tech Herald. Glasgow, UK: Digital MineField. Archived from the original on 2019-01-24. Retrieved 2019-01-24.
  4. ^ abMicrosoft Corporation. "Windows Activation Technologies in Windows 7." Microsoft TechNet. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  5. ^ abcdMicrosoft Corporation. "Technical Details on Microsoft Product Activation for Windows XP." Microsoft TechNet. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  6. ^ abKeizer, Gregg. "Microsoft: No Office 2007 Activation Required In The Enterprise." InformationWeek. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  7. ^ abcdMicrosoft Corporation. "Entering a Volume License Product Key When Deploying Office XP." Office.com.Archived 2013-12-17 at the Wayback Machine (accessed November 25, 2011)
  8. ^ abMicrosoft Corporation. "Office 2003 Licensing and System Requirements." Office.com.Archived 2013-06-15 at the Wayback Machine (accessed November 25, 2011)
  9. ^Microsoft Corporation. "Office 2010 - Volume Activation, Activate Office 2010." Microsoft TechNet. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  10. ^Microsoft Corporation. "Preserving OEM Pre-Activation when Re-installing Windows XP." Microsoft TechNet. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  11. ^ abMicrosoft Corporation. "How to activate Windows XP." Microsoft Support. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  12. ^ abcMicrosoft Corporation. "Windows Product Activation." Microsoft TechNet. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  13. ^ abcMicrosoft Corporation. "Activating Windows: frequently asked questions." Microsoft Windows. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  14. ^Microsoft Corporation. "Description of the behavior of reduced functionality mode in Windows Vista." Microsoft Support. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  15. ^Microsoft Corporation. "How to install Windows Vista Service Pack 1 when the Windows Vista activation period has expired." Microsoft Support, Calculation Archives - PC Product key. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  16. ^ abMicrosoft Corporation. "Windows Server 2008 Product Activation." Windows Server 2008 R2. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  17. ^ abMicrosoft Corporation. "Windows Server 2008 R2 Product Activation." Windows Server 2008 R2. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  18. ^"Appendix B: Licensing Conditions". Appendix B: Licensing Conditions. Microsoft. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  19. ^ abMicrosoft Corporation. "Activate Office 2007." Office.com. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  20. ^ abMicrosoft Corporation. "Activate Office 2010 programs." Office.com. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  21. ^ abMicrosoft Corporation. "Activate or register programs in the Microsoft Office System." Office.com.Archived 2011-12-11 at the Wayback Machine (accessed November 25, 2011)
  22. ^Microsoft Corporation. "Windows XP Prompts You to Re-activate After You Restore Your Computer." Microsoft Support, Calculation Archives - PC Product key. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  23. ^"How Calculation Archives - PC Product key make sure your free copy of Windows 10 is activated". Windows Activation. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  24. ^"Why you can't find your product key after upgrading to Windows 10". PC World. IDG. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
  25. ^ abcMicrosoft Corporation. "Activate Windows 7 on this computer." Microsoft Windows. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  26. ^Microsoft Corporation. "Technical Details on SP1 Changes to Microsoft Product Activation for Windows XP." Protect Yourself From Piracy.Archived 2011-11-19 at the Wayback Machine (accessed November 25, 2011)
  27. ^ abcMicrosoft Corporation. "Geographically restricted software." How to tell. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  28. ^Microsoft Corporation. "Validation problem.geographically blocked PID." Microsoft Genuine Advantage Forums.Archived 2011-11-20 at the Wayback Machine (accessed November 27, 2011)
  29. ^ abcdMicrosoft Corporation. "Product Activation and Key Information." Microsoft Volume Licensing. (accessed November 25, 2011)
  30. ^Microsoft Corporation. "Microsoft Software License Terms - Windows Vista." Microsoft Download Center. (accessed November 27, 2011)
  31. ^Rohn007. "Reactivating Office 2016 on a new PC".
  32. ^Lettice, John. "WinXP beta testers still in open revolt over product activation." The Register. (accessed November 26, 2011)
  33. ^Fisher, Ken. "Windows Product Activation: an early look." Ars Technica. (accessed November 26, 2011)
  34. ^Wilson, Dave. "Safeguards Punish Consumers, Not Pirates." The Los Angeles Times. (accessed November 26, 2011)
  35. ^Peikari, Cyrus, and Seth Fogie. "Buy Microsoft, Go to Jail?." informIT. (accessed November 26, 2011)
  36. ^The Star Publications. "Study: PCs run faster on genuine Microsoft products." The Star Online. (accessed February 16, 2013)
    Harrison Group White Paper: Genuine Microsoft Products Vs. Pirated CounterpartsArchived 2014-12-21 at the Wayback Machine August 26, 2011
  37. ^Lettice, John. "WinXP Product Activation decoded and analysed." The Register. (accessed November 26, 2011)
  38. ^Keizer, Gregg. "Microsoft Loses 'Product Activation' Patent Suit, Owes $142 Million." InformationWeek. (accessed November 26, 2011)
  39. ^Fried, Ina. "Microsoft slapped with $388 million patent verdict." CNET News. (accessed November 26, Calculation Archives - PC Product key, 2011)
  40. ^Knight, Will. "Coders claim a crack in Windows XP." New Scientist. (accessed November 26, 2011)
  41. ^Mook, Nate. "Microsoft: No Activation Changes Until Longhorn." BetaNews. (accessed November 26, 2011)
  42. ^Haymarket Media. "Product activation system flaw found in Windows 7 follows earlier server message block problem." SC Magazine UK.Archived 2016-04-10 at the Wayback Machine (accessed November 26, 2011)
  43. ^McCarthy, Caroline. "Microsoft confirms Vista OEM hack." ZDNet. (accessed February 16, 2013)
  44. ^Keizer, Gregg. "Windows 7 Activation Already Hacked." PCWorld. (accessed November 26, 2011)
  45. ^Frequently asked questions about how to activate Microsoft Games for Windows, Streets and Trips, and Mappoint

External links[edit]

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Answer
Hi Nadeem,

Then let's troubleshoot the keyboard since it's the next suspect:



Try the Keyboard Troubleshooter at Settings > Update & Security > Troubleshoot.

This could have been caused by Windows Update. See if you can System Restore to a point before the problem began: http://home.bt.com/tech-gadgets/computing/how-t...

Check which Updates were installed at Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update > Installed Update History and try uninstalling any from around the time this started. If they return and cause the same problem then hide them with the Hide Updates tool: https://www.howtogeek.com/224471/how-to-prevent...

If this was caused by April Version 1803 update can roll back Version 1803 in Settings>Update & Security>Recovery and then hide it until it matures using the Hide Updates Tool downloaded from here: http://download.microsoft.com/download/f/2/2/f2...

What also might work is to go into Device Manager, reached by right clicking the Start button, choose the Keyboard device, on Driver tab try Updating the driver automatically.

If this fails from the same location try rolling back or Uninstalling the Keyboard driver, which works in a surprising number of cases where keyboard is messed up by Updates. Restart PC to reinstall driver.

See if the keyboard will work in Safe Mode with Networking, or Safe Mode: https://www.digitalcitizen.life/4-ways-boot-saf...

If not see if the On-screen Keyboard works at Settings > Ease of Access > Keyboard > Turn On the On Screen Keyboard.

If so then it could confirm the keyboard is failing, so we'd want to test it in repair mode to see if it works since it uses different drivers there: https://www.tenforums.com/tutorials/2294-advanc...

If not you can contact a laptop manufacturer to see if you can still get it replaced under warranty, or check for replacement keyboards for that model from the PC maker or online from after-market OEM's that exactly match it.

This keyboard bulletin from Lenovo can also apply to other brands: https://pcsupport.lenovo.com/us/en/solutions/ht...

Try resetting the keyboard: http://www.thewindowsclub.com/reset-keyboard-se...

You can also remap keyboard keys using one of these methods: https://www.makeuseof.com/tag/missing-key-remap...

Check in your BIOS or UEFI firmware Setup for keyboard settings there, too.

If none of these works then go over this checklist to make sure the install is set up correctly, optimized for best performance, and any needed repairs get done: http://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/wiki...

Start with Step 4 to turn off Startup freeloaders which can conflict and cause issues, then Step 7 to check for infection the most thorough way, then step 10 to check for damaged System Files. Then continue with the other steps to go over your install most thoroughly.


But remember that Factory or Upgrade installs are inferior installs which most enthusiasts won't even run because they'd expect endless issues. Consider doing the Clean Install in this link which compiles the best possible install that will stay that way as long as you stick with the tools and methods given: http://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/wiki...

There is also an automated Refresh that reinstalls WIndows while shedding corrupting factory bloatware, saves your files, but doesn't clear the drive to get it cleanest: https://www.howtogeek.com/265054/how-to-easily-...

I hope this helps. Feel free to ask back any questions and let us know how it goes. I will keep working with you until it's resolved.


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OA 3.0 Tool: command-line and config file syntax

  • 5 minutes to read

The OA 3.0 tool is a command-line tool that supports assembling, reporting, and returning a unique identifier for the computers on the factory floor. You can run the OA 3.0 tool in two ways:

  • By using audit mode on the fully assembled client computer. For more information about running the OA 3.0 tool in audit mode, see Audit Mode Overview in the Windows ADK.

  • By using OOBE mode on the fully assembled client computer. When the first prompt appears in the OOBE, press Shift + F10 to open an admin command prompt and run the OA3.0 tool, and then shutdown the machine. The end user OOBE experience must be consistent with running the OA tool in Audit Mode and not deviate from the standard.

OptionDescription
/AssembleRetrieves a product key that has a state of Consumed from the factory floor database, and then assembles the OA3.bin file and the OA3.xml file for a specific computer. After assembly, the OEM-supplied firmware injection tool can inject the OA3.bin file into the firmware of the computer.

Example:

/Report Creates the hardware hash value for a specific computer, associates the value with the product key ID, and then sends the OA3.xml file to the reporting server on the factory floor. This command-line option is generally used on the factory floor after the product key is injected into the new computer.ImportantWhen you use the /report command line option together with an internal wireless network adapter, you must run the full operating system. You cannot use Windows PE. In addition, if you run the /report option without a server connection, the resulting report is saved to the same location as the OA3.xml file that your configuration file specifies. The report file will be sent to the reporting server on the factory floor the next time that you run the /report option when the computer is connected. Example: If the machine has no product key in firmware, you can run /report /NoKeyCheck to generate a Hardware Hash for the offline validation. But CBR submission will fail if missing a product key in firmware. Example:
/Return Returns an existing product key for reconciliation. For example, you may use this option if you replace a previously injected hardware association with a new association for the same computer. This command-line option is generally used after the Computer Build Report is generated. It is not supported in MDOS.

Example:

/LogTrace=<OA3_log_file>Logs OA 3.0 hardware hash generation diagnostic tracing data into a file specified in <OA3_log_file>. The path must be valid for OA3Tool.exe to write to. We highly recommend partners use this switch when testing OA 3.0 CBR reporting and hardware hash tolerance.

Example:

/CheckEditionPerforms a cross check between the injected product key and the target operating system for edition match. Two modes are possible:
  1. Offline checking in Windows PE. You must use /ImageDrive=<image_drive_letter> to specify the drive letter where the image is applied. Before you use this switch in Windows PE, ensure that the latest version of DISM.exe and all the files from the entire DISM folder (approximately 7 to 9 MB) from the latest Windows ADK must be copied to the same folder where the Windows 10 OA3Tool.exe resides.
  2. Online checking in the full operating system. In this case the /online mode should be specified. No drive letter information is required. This switch is only available if the target operating system is Windows 10 client.
/Configfile=<configfile_location>Specifies the location and name of the configuration file, which contains the location of the key provider server; file path locations for log files, error codes, and messages; and the location of the temporary directories that are required to assemble the product key into binary and XML formats.
/DecodeHwHashUsed to decode the hardware hash into an xml human readable format. The /DecodeHwHash accepts either a string (e.g. if it is stored in a database or sent in email) or a file path to the full XML file generated at the /Report stage.

Example:

/ValidatePerforms a validation pass to ensure that the MSDM table exists, that the MSDM table header includes all of the required fields, and that the MSDM table entries exist and conform to the correct formats.

Example:

/ValidateSMBIOSThe TotalPhysicalRAM and PrimaryDiskTypeCapacity values are obtained from the SMBIOS structures of the device. It is the responsibility of the OEMs to properly initialize these structures. To validate that these structures are properly initialized, OA3Tool RS3 or above version has a new option /ValidateSMBIOS which iterates over the SMBIOS tables and ensures that they are correctly initialized with respect to these two attributes. Two modes are possible:
  1. Online checking in the full operating system. You must use /ValidateSMBIOS without the parameter.
  2. Offline checking in the SMBIOS table. The contents of this table can be collected using the /Logtrace output file from the /report command. There is an attribute (SMBIOSRawData) which contains the SMBIOS table contents. This value then needs to be passed to the /ValidateSMBIOS option to validate that the contents are indeed correct.
Example:
  1. From trace.txt extract the SMBIOSRawData attribute value
/ValidateHwHashUsed to validate the base64-encoded hardware hash element with the predefined quality criteria for critical and important fields. Critical fields are necessary for Autopilot feature to work, while important fields are used for calculating royalty license fee. This function is only available in 18950 or above OA 3.0 tool version. The /ValidateHwHash option accepts either a string (if it is stored in a database or sent in email, for example) or a file path to the full XML file generated at the /Report stage. Example: The critical fields are:
DiskSerialNumber
TpmVersion
EkPubHash
MacAddress
ProductKeyId
SmbiosSystemFamily
SmbiosSystemManufacturer
SmbiosSystemProductName
SmbiosSystemSerialNumber
SmbiosUuid
The important fields are:
ChassisTypes
DigitizerSupportID
DiskType
DisplayResolution
DisplaySize
InternalDiskCount
OsBuild
OsCpuArchitecture
OSType
ProcessorCores
ProcessorModel
TotalDiskCapacity
TotalPhysicalRAM

Note

The /ValidateHwash option checks for any errors, blanks, or null values in any of the fields of the decoded Hardware Hash. Additional fields to check are in the following table.

FieldOutput
OS TypeOutput should be “FullOS”. If the field is empty or represent “WinPE”, a full boot of the OS was not utilized when creating the Hardware Hash.
Total Physical RAMOutput should represent the RAM in the device. (i.e. 4, 8, 16, etc.). If the field is empty or “0”, 65535, RAM was not captured correctly.
Primary Disk Total CapacityOutput should represent the Primary Disc in the device. (i.e. 128, 256, 1024, etc.)
Display Resolution and Physical Display SizeOutput should represent the internal display resolution and physical size. If the field is “0”, the device must have an external monitor, for example, as with a desktop.
SMBIOS FieldsThe output should not contain no data, be blank, or contain a default string, like “To be filled by O.E.M”
MacAddressThe output should not represent no data, blank, 00:00:00:00:00:00 or FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF
ChassisTypesThe output should follow the rule in the SMBIOS Reference Specification .
Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

If you're having trouble finding your Windows 10 product key, we've got you covered.

In this quick tutorial we'll go over what a Windows product key is, and I'll share several ways to find the product key on modern Windows machines.

What's a Windows 10 product key?

A Windows product key or license is a 25 digit code used to activate your installation of Windows.

Back in the day, all you had to do to find your Windows product key was look for a sticker somewhere on the machine.

Usually you could find the sticker on the side of a desktop PC, or stuck to the bottom of a laptop:

Picture of a Windows 7 product key sticker

Or if you bought a physical copy of Windows, your product key would be included somewhere in the box:

These days, if you buy a Windows 10 Home or Pro from the Microsoft Store or another online retailer like Amazon, it'll include a digital copy of your product key.

But if your computer is relatively new and came with Windows preinstalled, you might be wondering how to find your key – there's likely no sticker on the machine, and the computer manufacturer probably didn't include one in the box.

Whether you installed and activated Windows yourself, or it came preinstalled, your product key is stored in the BIOS. This makes it really easy if you ever want to reinstall or upgrade Windows – there's no sticker on the machine that could get damaged, and no small label to lose.

Still, there are times when you might need your product key, like if you want to transfer a Windows Home or Pro license to another machine.

Whatever the reason, here are a few ways to get your Windows 10 product key.

How to get your Windows 10 product key with the Command Prompt

If you want to get your product key from Windows, the easiest way is to do that is through the Windows Command Prompt.

First, press the Windows key, search for "cmd", and click on "Run as administrator":

Screenshot of opening the command prompt as an administrator

Then, run the following command:

After that, you'll see your Windows 10 product key:

Output of the wmic command listed above

Alternatively, you can run this command in the Command Prompt terminal:

Output of the powershell command listed above

Both of these commands attempt to read your Windows product key from something called the OA3 BIOS marker. In other words, they may only work if Windows came preinstalled, and not if you built the machine yourself and installed/activated Windows.

If your product key isn't saved to your BIOS/UEFI for some reason, then these commands will either throw an error or return an empty string. In this case, or if you prefer a GUI, give the next method a try.

How to get your Windows 10 product key with a third-party program

There are a few tools out there like Belarc Advisor or Magical Jelly Bean KeyFinder that can detect your Windows product key.

We'll use Magical Jelly Bean KeyFinder for this tutorial because, well – come on, that name, right?

All you have to do is download and install Magical Jelly Bean KeyFinder. Then open the KeyFinder program to see your product key:

Screenshot of the Windows product key in Magical Jellybean KeyFinder

Once you've copied your product key somewhere safe, feel free to uninstall Magical Jelly Bean KeyFinder.

So those are some quick ways to find your Windows 10 product key.

Did any of these methods or programs work for you? Did you find another way to get your product key? Let me know over on Twitter.



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Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

How to get Windows Product Key from DigitalProductId exported out of registry

There are plenty of tools to get Windows Procduct Key Number from the running (online) system, but what if this is not our case and we need to get Windows Product Key Number from the system that won't boot up or we are just not able to run key decoder there? Well it is possible to decode key from such a system as long as we are able to access offline registry database files from that system and as long as that registry database files are not corrupted.

Decoding the Windows Product Key Number

The process of getting Windows Product Key Number consist of two steps, first is obtaining DigitalProductId from the registry, the second is decoding that DigitalProductId as Windows Product Key Number. We can get DigitalProductId value from the registry programmatically (as key decoders usually do) or we can find and export the value using Regedit.exetool, which is part of every Windows instalation.

Please do not confuse DigitalProductId with Product ID, which can be found in the System dialog. They are not the same. Windows 10 has ProductId in this format: 00330-00000-00000-00000.

Loading registry hive from offline registry

Regedit.exe can load and edit offline registry databases. Registry databases are located in the following location:
%windir%/System32/config/
We need to access HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ registry hive that is located in the following path:
%windir%/System32/config/SOFTWARE
Please note that "SOFTWARE" is the name of the registry database file, %windir% points to the system Windows directory, for example "C:\Windows". To load offline registry database, do the following steps:
  1. Press the Win+R key combination, Run dialog appears.
  2. Type in "regedit" (without quotes) and press Enter.
  3. Confirm UAC prompt to elevate user rights (regedit needs administrator rights to run).
  4. Regedit tool will appear on the screen.
  5. Select HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE key as this will be the place where we will load the offline hive.
  6. Click on File menu and Load Hive... option. If you have this option greyed out, please make sure you have selected (active) HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE key.
  7. Locate and open the offline registry database SOFTWARE file.
  8. When prompted for a name give it a name you like (e.g. TEST). The name will be used to create a new node in the tree so we can browse the offline registry.

Exporting DigitalProductId from the registry

We can find DigitalProductId in the following registry key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion
As we have loaded the offline registry as the "TEST" node, we can actually find DigitalProductId in the following location:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\TEST\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion
Now to export this key, do following steps:
  1. Navigate to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\TEST\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion key (you can copy and paste the key name in the key bar under the menu.
  2. On the right pane you will see registry values for the selected key and you should see the DigitalProductId value as REG_BINARY.
  3. To export the value, we need to export whole key. Right click on the CurrentVersion key in the left pane and select Export in the context menu that will appear.
  4. Export Registry File dialog will appear, choose exported file name and location as needed. Keep "Save as type: Registration files (*.reg)" option and check that "Export range: Selected branch" is selected. You should see selected branch HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion under this option.
  5. Click Save.
  6. Registry key will be exported in the .reg file. Now we can open this file in any text editor, for example in Notepad.

Opening exported .reg file in the notepad

To open exported .reg file in the notepad, do follwing steps:
  1. Press the Win+R key combination, Run dialog appears.
  2. Type in "notepad" (without quotes) and press Enter.
  3. Notepad will appear.
  4. Now you can simply drag and drop exported file on the Notepad window, or you can use File - Open... (Ctrl+O) menu to browse the file. If you can't see exported .reg file, select "All files" from the file type selection drop down.

Locating DigitalProductId exported from registry

Now when you have open exported .reg file in the Notepad, you should see DigitalProductId value among other key values in the following format:
"DigitalProductId"=hex:a4,00,00,00,03,00,00,00,30,30,33,33,30,2d,38,30,30,30,\ 30,2d,30,30,30,30,30,2d,41,41,33,32,38,00,ec,0c,00,00,5b,54,48,5d,58,31,39,\ 2d,39,38,38,34,31,00,00,00,ec,0c,00,00,00,00,a8,d2,7b,6e,89,81,4f,6d,09,00,\ 00,00,00,00,f0,87,99,58,20,9a,d7,4d,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,\ 00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,\ 00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,\ 00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,ff,a1,85,e6
Selected DigitalProductId section and copy it to the clipboard (Ctrl+C).

Decoding DigitalProductId exported from registry

To decode the value, you can use my tool "Windows Product Key Finder" (you can read more about it here: (Yet Another) Product Key Number Finder for Windows). Since version 1.3 this tool is able to decode DigitalProductId exported from registry. You can download the tool directly here: WinProdKeyFind_v1.3.zip. Windows Product Key Finder is open source, no-install, portable and very simple tool that look like this: Windows Product Key Finder 1.3Click Decode DigitalProductIdbutton. Decode Windowss Product Key from DigitalProductId value dialog will appear. Paste DigitalProductId from the clipboard to the DigitalProductId keytext box as in the following example: Windows Product Key Finder 1.3Please note that it is important to keep exported DigitalProductId in the format as shown in the examples. If you are decoding DigitalProductId for Windows 7 or older Windows systems (Vista and XP), please select Up to Windows 7 (old)option, otherwise keep Windows 8 and newer (new) option in the version selection drop down. Finally press the Parse DigitalProductIdbutton to parse the DigitalProductId. Now you should see decoded Windows Product Key Number in the text box.

Final words

We've seen how to export DigitalProductId value from the offline registry database file and how to decode Windows Product Key Number from that value. Let me know what you think about down below in the comments!
Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

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Calculation Archives - PC Product key
Calculation Archives - PC Product key
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